Part I. The dark days of Vietnam history, also called the "black April"
Ladies and gentlemen!
Ladies and gentlemen!
- At the time of April 1975, our Government seemed to have abandoned our Country for the North Communist occupied illegally. The abandon began in March, at Ban Me Thuot battlefield, and then from that led to the incident on April 30, 1975.
- At the time in Headquarters, the declaration of Interim President DUONG VAN MINH was betrayed the sacrifice of soldiers at the fronts.
- The image of six graves at Phung Duc Airport, I could not forget. They were my friendly comrade, seating at a table and sleep in a same room.
- All of them were staff officers of the artillery battalion 231st, they died in the early days of the battle, among them was Major Tran Dat Khai deputy battalion. The others were Lt. Tran Van Tiem, Lt. Luu Duc Thanh, Lt. Nguyen Dang Binh, Lt. Tan and 2nd Lt. An.
- In fact, our country was divided into two parts since 1954 by Geneva Agreement. The North belong “North Vietnam Communist” and the South belong “Republic of Vietnam”.
- Under Geneva Agreement, 17th parallel was a border of two countries. But the North Communist, they did not comply with Agreement and they were secret intrusion into the South continuously.
- Therefore, after 1954 the war began in our country and lasted until the early in 1975. At the time, battlefields became extremely horrible.
Ladies and gentlemen!
- While all soldiers were fighting fiercely with the enemies all over battlefields, then in the capital, our President NGUYEN VAN THIEU, he had resigned, then out of the country with Prime Minister TRAN THIEN KHIEM and their families.
- President THIEU was empowered the leadership of country to Vice President TRAN VAN HUONG. But a week later President TRAN VAN HUONG resigned again and empowered to General DUONG VAN MINH.
- Just two days later, less than 48 hours, Interim President DUONG VAN MINH declared on the radio “All militaries of the South cease fighting, stay in place and handover the administration within the order ” in the morning on April 30, 1975.
- Why so weird. Whether our government has arranged the handover heretofore?
- If so, the sacrifice of 300 thousand soldiers of the South, 58 thousand soldiers of the US and millions of people died in the war has become meaningless? No, could not, a hundred times no, a thousand times no. I did not believe that.
- But that was true, and the war ended brazenly, beyond the expectations of everyone, in the South at the time.
- DUONG VAN MINH was a rubbishy President.
- His heartless declaration had caused extreme resentment of all soldiers fighting on the battlefield. I was disgusting and deeply worried for my destiny that day.
- Therefrom, five Generals in the South they had committed suicide. In reality they did not defeat on any battle with VC at the time.
- Major General NGUYEN KHOA NAM, Commander of Corps IV.
- Brigadier General LE VAN HUNG, Deputy Commander of Corps IV.
- Major General PHAM VAN PHU, Commander of Corps II.
- Brigadier General LE NGUYEN VY, Commander of Infantry Division 5th.
- Brigadier General TRAN VAN HAI, Commander of Infantry Division 7th.
- All of 5 senior Generals of Armed Forces of the Republic of Vietnam, they killed themselves on April 30, 1975, after the traitor DUONG VAN MINH declared.
- Beside that Colonel Provincial Chief HO NGOC CAN he fought bravely alone, until the last moments. The VC arrested him and shot him dead, a few months later.
- Additionally, a list of 40 cases that I have found on the website, they also killed themselves in those days. There was dead of the whole family (all members in the family died). Really heartbroken!
- All they really were heroes. They had the mettle “Rather die in glory than live in disgrace”. I really respected and admired them!
- And since that day, most people living in the South, they looking for the way, across the sea to escape the North Vietnam Communist. Among them many, many people were dead in Pacific Ocean.
- Our country fell into the Communist since then. That was really heartbreaking for Vietnamese. So we called those days the black April; right, the black April!
- Thank you.
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